Africa: Senegal

About Senegal

Independent from France in 1960, Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. However, the envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved in 1989. Despite peace talks, a southern separatist group sporadically has clashed with government forces since 1982. Senegal has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Dakar
Population: 10,284,929 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Date of independence: 4 April 1960 (from France); complet
Form of government: republic under multiparty democrati
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore
Environmental Issues: wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing
Agricultural Products: peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish
Imports: foods and beverages, consumer goods, capital goods, petroleum products
Exports: fish, ground nuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: France 30%, Nigeria 7%, Italy 6%, Thailand 5%, Germany 4%, US 4% (1999)
EXPORTS: France 17%, India 17%, Italy 12%, Spain 6%, Mali 6%, Cote d'Ivoire 4% (1999)


Senegal Headlines

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