Africa: Guinea

About Guinea

Independent from France since 1958, Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. Lansana CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998. Unrest in Sierra Leone has spilled over into Guinea, threatening stability and creating a humanitarian emergency.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Conakry
Population: 7,613,870 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: 40% (1994 est.
Language: French (official), each ethnic group has its own language
Date of independence: 2 October 1958 (from France)
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish
Environmental Issues: deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region
Agricultural Products: rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber
Imports: petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs
Exports: bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: France, Belgium, US, Cote d'Ivoire (1999)
EXPORTS: US, Benelux, Ukraine, Ireland (1999)


Guinea Headlines

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