Africa: Mali

About Mali

The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 with a transitional government, and in 1992 when Mali's first democratic presidential election was held. Since his reelection in 1997, President KONARE has continued to push through political and economic reforms and to fight corruption. In 1999 he indicated he would not run for a third term.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Bamako
Population: 11,008,518 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
Date of independence: 22 September 1960 (from France)
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower
Environmental Issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching
Agricultural Products: cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats
Imports: machinery and equipment, construction materials, petroleum, foodstuffs, textiles
Exports: otton 50%, gold, livestock (1999 est.)
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: Cote d'Ivoire 19%, France 19%, Senegal 4%, Benelux 3% (1999)
EXPORTS: Italy 18%, Thailand 15%, Germany 7%, Portugal 4% (1999)


Mali Headlines

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