Africa: Niger

About Niger

Not until 1993, 33 years after independence from France, did Niger hold its first free and open elections. A 1995 peace accord ended a five-year Tuareg insurgency in the north. Coups in 1996 and 1999 were followed by the creation of a National Reconciliation Council that effected a transition to civilian rule in December 1999.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Niamey
Population: 10,355,156 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: 63% (1993 est.)
Language: French (official), Hausa, Djerma
Date of independence: 3 August 1958 (from France)
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum
Environmental Issues: overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction
Agricultural Products: cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
Imports: consumer goods, primary materials, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals
Exports: uranium ore 65%, livestock products, cowpeas, onions (1998 est.)
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: France 22%, Cote d'Ivoire 15%, Nigeria 8%, US 3% (1999)
EXPORTS: France 45%, Nigeria 27%, UK 11% (1999)


Niger Headlines

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