Africa: Sudan

About Sudan

Military dictatorships promulgating an Islamic government have mostly run the country since independence from the UK in 1956. Over the past two decades, a civil war pitting black Christians and animists in the south against the Arab-Muslims of the north has cost at least 1.5 million lives in war- and famine-related deaths, as well as the displacement of millions of others.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Khartoum
Population: 36,080,373 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
Date of independence: 1 January 1956 (from Egypt and UK)
Form of government: transitional - ruling military junt
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower
Environmental Issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; wildlife populations threatened by excessive hunting; soil erosion; desertification
Agricultural Products: cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), sorghum, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sugarcane, cassara, mangos, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame; sheep, livestock
Imports: foodstuffs, manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, medicines and chemicals, textiles
Exports: oil and petroleum products, cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum arabic, sugar
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: China 14.7%, Libya 14.7%, Saudi Arabia 8.9%, UK 8.7%, France 6.7% (1999)
EXPORTS: Saudi Arabia 16%, Italy 10%, Germany 5%, France 3%, Thailand 3% (1999)


Sudan Headlines

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