Africa: Morocco

About Morocco

Morocco's long struggle for independence from France ended in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier was turned over to the new country that same year. Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s, but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved. Gradual political reforms in the 1990s resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature in 1997.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Rabat
Population: 30,645,305 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: 19% (1999 est.)
Language: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy
Date of independence: 2 March 1956 (from France)
Form of government: constitutional monarchy
Title of Leader: King
Natural Resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt
Environmental Issues: land degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farming of marginal areas, overgrazing, destruction of vegetation); water supplies contaminated by raw sewage; siltation of reservoirs; oil pollution of coastal waters
Agricultural Products: barley, wheat, citrus, wine, vegetables, olives; livestock
Imports: semiprocessed goods, machinery and equipment, food and beverages, consumer goods, fuel
Exports: phosphates and fertilizers, food and beverages, minerals
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: France 32%, Spain 12%, Italy 7%, Germany 6%, UK 6% (1999)
EXPORTS: France 35%, Spain 9%, UK 8%, Germany 7%, US 5% (1999)


Morocco Headlines


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