South America: Argentina

About Argentina

Following independence from Spain in 1816, Argentina experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, a long period of Peronist dictatorship was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983, and numerous elections since then have underscored Argentina's progress in democratic consolidation.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Buenos Aires
Population: 37,384,816 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: 37% (1999 est.)
Language: Spanish (official), Engli
Date of independence: 9 July 1816 (from Spain)
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: president
Natural Resources: timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand, oil
Environmental Issues: environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution
Agricultural Products: sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock
Imports: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal manufactures, plastics
Exports: edible oils, fuels and energy, cereals, feed, motor vehicles
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: EU 28%, US 22%, Brazil 21% (1999 est.)
Exports: Brazil 24%, EU 21%, US 11% (1999 est.)
EXPORTS: Brazil 24%, EU 21%, US 11% (1999 est.)


Argentina Headlines


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