Middle East: Oman

About Oman

In 1970, QABOOS bin Said Al Said ousted his father and has ruled as sultan ever since. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world and has preserved a long-standing political and military relationship with the UK. Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Muscat
Population: 2,622,198
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Date of independence: 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
Form of government: monarchy
Title of Leader: Sultan and Prime Minister
Natural Resources: petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
Environmental Issues: rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; very limited natural fresh water resources
Agricultural Products: dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish
Imports: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants
Exports: petroleum, reexports, fish, metals, textiles
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: UAE 26% (largely reexports), Japan 16%, UK 9%, Italy 7%, Germany 6%, US (1999)
EXPORTS: Japan 27%, China 12%, Thailand 18%, UAE 12%, South Korea 12%, US (1999)


Oman Headlines

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