Europe: Romania

About Romania

Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a communist "peoples republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule of President Nicolae CEAUSESCU became increasingly draconian through the 1980s. He was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Much economic restructuring remains to be carried out before Romania can achieve its hope of joining the EU.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Bucharest
Population: 22,364,022 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: 44.5% (2000)
Language: Romanian, Hungarian, German
Date of independence: 1881 (from Turkey; republic proclai
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower
Environmental Issues: soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands
Agricultural Products: wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, shee
Imports: machinery and equipment 23%, fuels and minerals 12%, chemicals 9%, textile and products 19% (1999)
Exports: textiles and footwear 26%, metals and metal products 15%, machinery and equipment 11%, minerals and fuels 6% (1999)
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: Italy 20%, Germany 19%, France 7%, Russia 6% (1999)
EXPORTS: Italy 23%, Germany 18%, France 6%, Turkey 5%, US (1999)


Romania Headlines

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