Europe: Czech Republic

About Czech Republic

After World War II, Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize party rule and create "socialism with a human face." Anti-Soviet demonstrations the following year ushered in a period of harsh repression. With the collapse of Soviet authority in 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its freedom through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution." On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Now a member of NATO, the Czech Republic has moved toward integration in world markets, a development that poses both opportunities and risks.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Prague
Population: 10,264,212 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Czech
Date of independence: 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia spli
Form of government: parliamentary democracy
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber
Environmental Issues: air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests
Agricultural Products: wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry
Imports: machinery and transport equipment 42%, other manufactured goods 33%, chemicals 12%, raw materials and fuels 10% (1999)
Exports: machinery and transport equipment 44%, other manufactured goods 40%, chemicals 7%, raw materials and fuel 7% (1999)
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: Germany 37.5%, Slovakia 6.7%, Austria 6.2%, Italy 5.9%, France 5.4% (1999)
EXPORTS: Germany 43%, Slovakia 8.4%, Austria 6.6%, Poland 5.6%, France 4% (1999)


Czech Republic Headlines


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