Europe: Norway

About Norway

Despite its neutrality, Norway was not able to avoid occupation by Germany in World War II. In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. The current focus is on containing spending on the extensive welfare system and planning for the time when petroleum reserves are depleted. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Oslo
Population: 4,503,440 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Norwegian (official)
Date of independence: 7 June 1905 Norway declared the uni
Form of government: constitutional monarchy
Title of Leader: King
Natural Resources: petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower
Environmental Issues: water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions
Agricultural Products: barley, other grains, potatoes; beef, milk; fish
Imports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs
Exports: petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: EU 66% (Sweden 15%, Germany 12%, UK 9%, Denmark 7%), US 10%, Japan (1999)
EXPORTS: EU 73% (UK 17%, Germany 11%, Netherlands 10%, Sweden 9%), US 5% (1999)


Norway Headlines


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