Europe: Netherlands

About Netherlands

The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I but suffered a brutal invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EC, and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Amsterdam; The Hague is the se
Population: 15,981,472 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Dutch
Date of independence: 1579 (from Spain)
Form of government: constitutional monarchy
Title of Leader: Queen
Natural Resources: natural gas, petroleum, arable land
Environmental Issues: water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
Agricultural Products: grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Imports: machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs, clothing
Exports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: EU 56% (Germany 18%, Belgium-Luxembourg 10%, UK 5%, France 6%), US 9%, Central and Eastern Europe (2000)
EXPORTS: EU 78% (Germany 26%, Belgium-Luxembourg 12%, France 12%, UK 11%, Italy 6%), Central and Eastern Europe, US (2000)


Netherlands Headlines


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