Europe: Portugal

About Portugal

Following its heyday as a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence in 1822 of Brazil as a colony. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal entered the EC in 1985.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Lisbon
Population: 10,066,253 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Portuguese
Date of independence: 1140 (independent republic proclaim
Form of government: parliamentary democracy
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: fish, forests (cork), tungsten, iron ore, uranium ore, marble, arable land, hydro power
Environmental Issues: soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas
Agricultural Products: grain, potatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, poultry, beef, dairy products
Imports: machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum, textiles, agricultural products
Exports: clothing and footwear, machinery, chemicals, cork and paper products, hides
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: EU 78% (Spain 25%, Germany 15%, France 11%, Italy 8%, UK 7%, Netherlands 5%), US 3%, Japan 3% (1998)
EXPORTS: EU 83% (Germany 20%, Spain 18%, France 14%, UK 12%, Netherlands 5%, Benelux 5%, Italy), US 5% (1999)


Portugal Headlines


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