South America: French Guiana

About French Guiana

First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Cayenne
Population: 177,562 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: French
Date of independence: none (overseas department of France
Form of government: overseas department of France
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish
Environmental Issues: NA
Agricultural Products: rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry
Imports: food (grains, processed meat), machinery and transport equipment, fuels and chemicals
Exports: shrimp, timber, gold, rum, rosewood essence, clothing
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: France 52%, US 14%, Trinidad and Tobago 6% (1997)
EXPORTS: France 62%, Switzerland 7%, US 2% (1997)


French Guiana Headlines


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