South America: Guyana

About Guyana

Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966 and became a republic in 1970. In 1989 Guyana launched an Economic Recovery Program, which marked a dramatic reversal from a state-controlled, socialist economy towards a more open, free market system. Results through the first decade have proven encouraging.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Georgetown
Population: 697,181
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Date of independence: 26 May 1966 (from UK)
Form of government: republic within the Commonwealth
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Environmental Issues: water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Agricultural Products: sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; forest and fishery potential not exploited
Imports: manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food
Exports: sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: US 29%, Trinidad and Tobago 18%, Netherlands Antilles 16%, UK 7%, Japan (1999)
EXPORTS: US 22%, Canada 22%, UK 18%, Netherlands Antilles 11%, Jamaica (1999)


Guyana Headlines

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