South America: Uruguay

About Uruguay

A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement, the Tupamaros, launched in the late 1960s, led Uruguay's president to agree to military control of his administration in 1973. By the end of the year the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold throughout the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. Uruguay's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Montevideo
Population: 3,360,105 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)
Date of independence: 25 August 1825 (from Brazil)
Form of government: constitutional republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries
Environmental Issues: water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal
Agricultural Products: wheat, rice, barley, corn, sorghum; livestock; fish
Imports: road vehicles, electrical machinery, metal manufactures, heavy industrial machinery, crude petroleum
Exports: meat, rice, leather products, vehicles, dairy products, wool, electricity
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: MERCOSUR partners 43%, EU 20%, US 11% (1999 est.)
EXPORTS: MERCOSUR partners 45%, EU 20%, US 7% (1999 est.)


Uruguay Headlines


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