North America: Canada

About Canada

A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across an unfortified border. Its paramount political problem continues to be the relationship of the province of Quebec, with its French-speaking residents and unique culture, to the remainder of the country.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Ottawa
Population: 31,592,805 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: English 59.3% (official), French 23.2% (official), other 17.5%
Date of independence: 1 July 1867 (from UK)
Form of government: confederation with parliamentary de
Title of Leader: Queen, represented by Governor Gene
Natural Resources: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower
Environmental Issues: air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, i
Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; dairy products; forest products; fish
Imports: machinery and equipment, crude oil, chemicals, motor vehicles and parts, durable consumer goods, electricity
Exports: motor vehicles and parts, newsprint, wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, machinery, natural gas, aluminum, telecommunications equipment, electricity
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: US 76%, Japan 3%, UK, Germany, France, Mexico, Taiwan, South Korea (1999)
EXPORTS: US 86%, Japan 3%, UK, Germany, South Korea, Netherlands, China (1999)


Canada Headlines


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