Africa: Angola

About Angola

Civil war has been the norm in Angola since independence from Portugal in 1975. A 1994 peace accord between the government and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) provided for the integration of former UNITA insurgents into the government and armed forces. A national unity government was installed in April of 1997, but serious fighting resumed in late 1998, rendering hundreds of thousands of people homeless. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost in fighting over the past quarter century.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Luanda
Population: 10,366,031 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
Date of independence: 11 November 1975 (from Portugal)
Form of government: transitional government, nominally
Title of Leader: president
Natural Resources: petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium
Environmental Issues: veruse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest, in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting in loss of bio
Agricultural Products: bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc (tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish
Imports: machinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods
Exports: crude oil 90%, diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: South Korea 16%, Portugal 15%, US 13%, South Africa 10%, France 8% (1999)
EXPORTS: US 54%, South Korea 14%, Benelux 11%, China 7%, Taiwan 6% (1999)


Angola Headlines

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