Europe: Albania

About Albania

In 1990 Albania ended 44 years of xenophobic communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven difficult as corrupt governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, a dilapidated infrastructure, widespread gangsterism, and disruptive political opponents. International observers judged local elections in 2000 to be acceptable and a step toward democratic development, but serious deficiencies remain to be corrected before the the 2001 parliamentary elections.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Tirana
Population: 3,510,484 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: 19.6% (1996 est.)
Language: Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek
Date of independence: 28 November 1912 (from Ottoman Empi
Form of government: democracy
Title of Leader: president
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, timber, nickel, hydropower
Environmental Issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents
Agricultural Products: wheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products
Imports: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, chemicals
Exports: textiles and footwear; asphalt, metals and metallic ores, crude oil; vegetables, fruits, tobacco
Trading Partners: IMPORTS Italy 37%, Greece 28%, Turkey 6%, Germany 6%, Bulgaria 3% (2000)
EXPORTS: Italy 67%, Greece 15%, Germany 5%, Austria 2%, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2% (2000)


Albania Headlines

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