Europe: Greece

About Greece

Greece achieved its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories with Greek-speaking populations. Following the defeat of communist rebels in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. A military dictatorship, which in 1967 suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country, lasted seven years. Democratic elections in 1974 and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy; Greece joined the European Community or EC in 1981 (which became the EU in 1992).

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Athens
Population: 10,623,835 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Greek 99% (official), English, French
Date of independence: 1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)
Form of government: parliamentary republic; monarchy re
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: bauxite, lignite, magnesite, petroleum, marble, hydropower potential
Environmental Issues: air pollution; water pollution
Agricultural Products: wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; beef, dairy products
Imports: manufactured goods, foodstuffs, fuels, chemicals
Exports: manufactured goods, food and beverages, petroleum products
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: EU 66% (Italy 15%, Germany 15%, France 9%, UK 6%) (1999)
EXPORTS: EU 49% (Germany 15%, Italy 13%, UK 6%), US 6% (1999)


Greece Headlines


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