Africa: Namibia

About Namibia

South Africa occupied the German colony of Sud-West Afrika during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Independence came in 1990.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Windhoek
Population: 1,797,677
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
Date of independence: 21 March 1990 (from South African m
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, hydropower, fish
Environmental Issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification
Agricultural Products: millet, sorghum, peanuts; livestock; fish
Imports: foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals
Exports: diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, processed fish, karakul skins
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: South Africa 81%, US 4%, Germany 2% (1997 est.)
EXPORTS: UK 43%, South Africa 26%, Spain 14%, France 8%, Japan (1998 est.)


Namibia Headlines


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