Africa: Zambia

About Zambia

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the South Africa Company from 1891 until takeover by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Lusaka
Population: 9,770,199
Percent below poverty: 86% (1993 est.)
Language: English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages
Date of independence: 24 October 1964 (from UK)
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower
Environmental Issues: air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; chemical runoff into watersheds; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros, elephant, antelope, and large cat populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lac
Agricultural Products: corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca); cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides; coffee
Imports: machinery, transportation equipment, fuels, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing
Exports: copper, cobalt, electricity, tobacco
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: South Africa 48%, Saudi Arabia, UK, Zimbabwe (1997)
EXPORTS: Japan, Saudi Arabia, India, Thailand, South Africa, US, Malaysia (1997)


Zambia Headlines

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