Africa: Gabon

About Gabon

Ruled by autocratic presidents since independence from France in 1960, Gabon introduced a multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and for reforms of governmental institutions. A small population, abundant natural resources, and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the more prosperous black African countries.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Libreville
Population: 1,221,175
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Date of independence: 17 August 1960 (from France)
Form of government: republic; multiparty presidential r
Title of Leader: president
Natural Resources: petroleum, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower
Environmental Issues: deforestation; poaching
Agricultural Products: cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish
Imports: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, petroleum products, construction materials
Exports: crude oil 75%, timber, manganese, uranium (1998)
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: France 64%, US 4%, UK 2%, Netherlands 2%, (1999)
EXPORTS: US 47%, France 19%, China 8%, Japan 1.3% (1999)


Gabon Headlines

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