Africa: Tanzania

About Tanzania

Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Dar es Salaam; note - legislat
Population: 36,232,074
Percent below poverty: 51.1% (1991 est.)
Language: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
Date of independence: 26 April 1964; Tanganyika became in
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
Environmental Issues: soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture
Agricultural Products: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves (Zanzibar), corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Imports: consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil
Exports: coffee, manufactured goods, cotton, cashew nuts, minerals, tobacco, sisal (1996)
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: South Africa 8%, Japan 8%, UK 8%, Kenya 7%, India 6%, US 5% (1998)
EXPORTS: India 20%, UK 10%, Germany 8%, Japan 8%, Netherlands 8%, Belgium 4% (1998)


Tanzania Headlines

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